Tag Archive: WWI

J.B. Hawthorne Enlists for WWI

100 years ago today…


My grandfather, James Boardman Hawthorne, enlisted in the US Army on Saturday, 13 April 1918 in Texas, probably Houston, where he was living with his sister Etta Mae and her family. He always said he had to lie about his age to get in because he was underage. But, he was 19 years old? I had always thought the age for military enlistment was 18 years. So, a few years ago, I did some deeper checking into the WWI draft. Oh, by the way, I could never find any draft documents for him (that is a clue in itself). I found out that you actually had to be 21 years old to be drafted. There were a total of 3 drafts for WWI and technically when he voluntarily enlisted it was during the first draft. The government didn’t lower the age limit to 18 years old until 12 September 1918.


  He trained at Fort Sam Houston and was assigned to the Medical Corps. – MD 323 F Sig Bn. He went to France as a medic and was stationed in MD Camp Hospital #87, then to MD 116 Field Sig Bn. I am in the process of researching the histories of these detachments. He was the rank of Private when he went in and was honorably discharged on 3 March 1919. He was overseas from 29 September 1918 until 13 February 1919. He told me he was transported on the largest ship in the world at that time. I am thinking it was a ship called the USS Leviathan, but more research needs to be done.



 Photos are from my private collection.

For more information about the WWI draft see:  https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/United_States_World_War_I_Draft_Records  https://www.archives.gov/research/military/ww1/draft-registration

A more detailed blog post about my grandfather’s service including additional photos will come out later this year.

William Jefferson Galloway, Sr. Residence in 1918

Where exactly did William Jefferson Galloway, Sr. and family live in 1918?

 The reason I am curious is because I have two separate documents from 1918 and one of them has an additional clue as to where they might have actually lived. The two documents in question are the WWI draft registration card for William Jefferson Galloway, Sr. and a birth certificate for his daughter, Annie Rooney Galloway.

Let’s take a look at the Galloway household as it was on 4 May 1918

(The day before Annie Rooney was born)

Their household consisted of W.J. and his wife, Rooney Delilah (Hicks) Galloway, along with 6 children.

Names and ages of the family at the time of Annie Rooney’s birth:

William Jefferson Galloway 35 (my great-grandfather)

Rooney Delilah (Hicks) Galloway 32 (my great-grandmother)

Maybelle Galloway 13

Lorene Elizabeth Galloway 11

Sammie Redford Galloway 7 (my grandfather)

William Shelby Galloway 5

Jesse Elbert Galloway 3

Bettie Oleta Galloway 1


Let us now take a look at the two documents.

The Birth Certificate:

On Annie Rooney’s birth certificate, she is listed as being born at 224, Wheelock, Robertson, Texas. Note: I have no idea what the circled “224” means. Is it an address of the physician? Furthur down in the document asks the question to each parent their “residence” and the answer is “near Macy”. That would Be Macey, across the county line in Brazos and approximately 11 miles east.

Below is the original birth certificate. 1



 The WWI Draft Registraion Card.

On the WWI draft registration card his permanent home address is listed as R1 [Route 1] Wheelock Robertson T[exas]. Which is in south central Robertson County, Texas. To enlist in the draft he had to go to the county seat which is in Franklin, approximately 11 miles north. According to the date on the registration card, he did this on Thursday, 12 September 1918.

 Below are the original draft card 2 and a blank one that I transcibed onto.




A brief background on W.J. Galloway: According to my mom he was a cotton farmer and census records show he was indeed a farmer. He and his family moved around a lot from farm to farm. Robertson County was another short stay, moving there from Normangee, Madison County sometime after 1916 and moving out of there by 1920 to Scurry County.

Below is a Google Map 3 showing his residences in Texas.


Below is a 1958 map of southern Robertson County and northern Brazos County with arrows showing the location of where Wheelock and Macey are. 4



If, according to the birth certificate, they lived “near Macy” and knowing that W.J. traveled to the county seat of Robertson, rather than the county seat of Brazos, leads me to believe he lived just north of the Brazos county line from Macey on a farm.

 As you can see in the below satellite photo 5  taken recently, this is a farming community to this day.


Further Study:

 1. Look for records relating to the land he farmed. I have not found any ownership records through his life, so I believe he was a tenant farmer. 6.

2. Look for any City Directories in the area that may have had him listed.

3. Look for histories of Robertson County to see if he is mentioned.

4. Look for any church histories in the area. He was a Primitive Baptist.


 We genealogists love specific dates and places. I can’t stand the fact that one of my ancestors was born in just Wilcox County, Alabama… I want to know the name of the town! But, they didn’t all live in towns — they lived on farms in the middle of nowhere!

Show 6 footnotes

  1. “Texas Birth Certificates, 1903-1935,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X22L-KJC : accessed 28 November 2016), Annie Runy Galloway, 05 May 1918; citing Wheelock, Robertson, Texas, United States, certificate 26486, Bureau of Vital Statistics. State Registrar Office, Austin; FHL microfilm 4,509,661.
  2. “United States World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZXR-5BR : accessed 28 November 2016), William Jefferson Galloway, 1917-1918; citing Robertson County, Texas, United States, NARA microfilm publication M1509 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,983,581.
  3. https://www.google.com/maps/ : accessed 28 November 2016
  4. Texas Highway Dept. General highway map Robertson County Texas, map, 1958; Austin. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth190635/: accessed November 28, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting University of Texas at Arlington Library.
  5. https://www.google.com/maps/ : accessed 28 November 2016
  6. “Tenant farmer,” Wikipedia ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tenant_farmer : accessed 28 November 2016)